Mount Damavand is the highest volcano in Asia and the highest peak in the Middle East. This 5671 m mountain is located in the middle of the Alborz Mountain Range near the southern coast of Caspian Sea, northeast of Tehran, Iran. Damavand has over 16 different routes to trek. We chose the Southern route which is non-technical and provides a mild slope up to the altitude of 5000 m, from there the remaining trek to the summit is steeper. 

Damavand is a volcanic peak and when reaching the top, you can see and walk in the crater. The circumference of the crater is 450 m and it remains covered with snow all year round. The climb is long, but not difficult or dangerous. Loose stone and small ribs of rock have to be climbed over, at higher levels, if the accent is in early summer, expanses of snow must be overcome to the crater at the top. Damavand is a popular peak for summer trekking. Footpaths are usually free of snow in this season, the weather is fine, but it can change to bad rapidly and the temperatures may drop to sub zero fast, so be aware to have sufficient cloths even during a good weather. Summer is the best timing for regular mountaineers to tackle this giant volcano.This is Alpine style trekking up to 1400 m vertical in a day above 4000 meters. The south route is famous for its non-technical mild slopes, ascend to the peak is technically easy but physically moderate and this demands that you be fit and in good shape. 

At about 500 m to the summit, there is a place called Sulfur Hill or Dood Kooh in Persian, the result of the latest volcanic activities of the mountain. The area is covered with sulfur stones and in summer when the sun shines on them, sulfur gases rise from the stones. There is also a frozen 7-meter waterfall called Abshar-eYakhi just before reaching the Sulfur Hill. This frozen waterfall never melts and does not flow to any river. Even in the warmer seasons, when the frozen snow begins to melt, winds prevent the waterfall from melting.